Essential Steps To Perform Comprehensive Fire Risk Protection
Fire Risk Assessments are designed to aid risk reduction and fire prevention. Their aim identify risks and hazards within commercial buildings, reduce or eliminate risks as appropriate, provide general fire precautions and also to establish and create emergency plans.
Here are the 5 steps to perform a fire risk assessment as directed by the Health and Safety Executive. This will help the individual to stay safe from the hazardous effects of the fire.
- Identify Fire Hazards
This first step involves identifying anything within the property that could be a potential fire hazard. Fires start when heat comes into contact with fuel and oxygen, so this means thoroughly considering how a fire could start within the environment and what could subsequently burn.
For example, if the fire erupted from electrical equipment such as heaters and computers then they could be a source of ignition and any textiles or paper surrounding them could significantly intensify a fire.
- Identify People At Risk
Everyone within the property at the time of a fire is at risk. However, it is important to consider whether the risk for some is greater. This could be because they work with particularly hazardous material or equipment, work in secluded areas, work at night or are unfamiliar with the property. Furthermore, children, elderly and the disabled are particularly vulnerable in the event of a fire.
It is vital to consider who may be at risk within the premises and then make a note of what can be done accordingly. Elders and children are at most risk as they find it difficult to make it through.
- Evaluate, Remove or Reduce The Risk
After performing step one and two, it is important to evaluate the results, analyzing the hazards present within the environment and the people who are at risk. After that individuals should think about how best to completely remove or significantly reduce the fire risks that have been found.
This includes implementing safety precautions, such as removing piles of waste, conducting PAT testing and arranging for a fire alarm system and fire extinguisher installation.
- Record, Plan, and Train
If the businesses have more than 5 employees or have a license, fire risk assessment must be kept as a written record, detailing all fire hazards and the measures that have been taken to reduce them.
Following this, individuals should make clear, complete plans of what would happen in the event of a fire including planning escape routes and make sure everyone is informed of these processes and adequately trained.
Finally, after completing all the fire assessment, the individual should regularly and periodically update the records if necessary. Additionally, if they identify any significant changes than the individuals should reassess risk assessment and fire evacuation and re-training staff where necessary.
- Wrapping Up
Fire protection is a not a joke and every individual should treat it responsibly. Over time, risks may change and this makes it incredibly important for everyone to notice any changes and update the fire safety plans accordingly.